Glycolic acid vs salicylic acid: Which one is healthier for pores and skin?

Glycolic acid vs salicylic acid: Two standard components utilized in varied skincare merchandise. Know the professionals and cons of those skincare components.

The magnificence trade is booming, and it may be arduous to maintain up with the newest skincare components. While there are such a lot of components on the market, glycolic acid and salicylic acid are two of the most well-liked skincare components which are utilized in a number of skincare merchandise. But ever puzzled which one is healthier on your pores and skin: glycolic acid vs salicylic acid? If you’re confused, right here’s a breakdown of the professionals and cons of the 2 components and which one is healthier for you.

What is glycolic acid?

Glycolic acid (GA) is an alpha hydroxy acid (AHA). This compound is usually present in sugary and acidic fruits comparable to sugarcane, lemons, and melons. These acids are water-soluble and are used as exfoliants. It is likely one of the most generally used AHA in skincare recognized for its exfoliating, hydrating, and anti-aging properties, as present in a examine printed within the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

Glycolic acid is a superb skincare ingredient. Image courtesy: Adobe Stock.

Benefits of glycolic acid

Here are a few of the potential advantages of glycolic acid:

1. Fights zits

“Glycolic acid is nice for these with acne-prone pores and skin. This skincare acid is a well-liked alternative for exfoliating lifeless pores and skin cells from the floor of the pores and skin. Acne arises when a pore turns into clogged with dust, oil, germs, and different pollution. Glycolic acid comprises exfoliating properties that may be helpful in such instances. You will see a discount in zits with constant use, says dermatologist and cosmetologist Dr Ritika Shanmugam.

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2. Treats delicate hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation is a standard drawback lately throughout all age teams. This pores and skin situation is attributable to elevated melanin synthesis within the pores and skin. According to a examine printed within the European Journal of Medical Research, glycolic acid can assist deal with delicate hyperpigmentation by exfoliating the highest broken layer of the pores and skin. Additionally, it may possibly cut back the traces of ageing and solar harm.

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3. Gives glowing pores and skin

Glycolic acid not solely plumps the pores and skin by rising its moisture ranges, however it additionally acts as a mild exfoliant. Using glycolic acid can brighten the pores and skin and provides it a wholesome look because it helps the pores and skin preserve moisture, as per a examine printed within the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

4. Helps cut back wonderful strains and wrinkles

If you’re coping with untimely ageing and wish to minimise wonderful strains and wrinkles, glycolic acid could also be helpful. It helps to extend collagen ranges within the pores and skin, which is essential for maintaining it supple and wholesome, as per a examine printed within the Journal of Dermatological Science.

Are there any unwanted effects of glycolic acid?

People with delicate pores and skin ought to use glycolic acid with warning as it may possibly irritate the pores and skin. People with delicate, dry pores and skin might profit from lactic acid, a gentler AHA, suggests a examine printed within the Molecules MDPI Journal.

Other potential unwanted effects of glycolic acid as defined by knowledgeable are:

  • Burning
  • Skin rash
  • Redness
  • Itchiness
  • Dryness
  • Skin swelling
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Plus, it may possibly make the pores and skin delicate to daylight so it’s suggested to at all times use sunscreen whereas utilizing glycolic acid.

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What is salicylic acid?

Salicylic acid is a beta-hydroxy acid and an exfoliating agent. It is a pure exfoliator obtained from wintergreen crops. Salicylic acid is ideal for greasy, mixture, and acne-prone pores and skin as a result of it’s lipophilic by nature (mixes properly with oil). Salicylic acid is much less irritating to the pores and skin than glycolic acid since its molecules are barely larger, as per a examine printed within the StatPearl Journal.

What are the advantages of salicylic acid?

Here are a few of the notable advantages of salicylic acid:

1. Reduces blackheads and whiteheads

“Salicylic acid, not like glycolic acid, penetrates the floor of the pores and skin and helps get rid of dust from its pores. When further sebum, particles, and hair follicles mix, pores turn into clogged. This makes your pores and skin seem boring and tough and causes blackheads and whiteheads. Salicylic acid provides you clear, wholesome pores and skin by deeply cleansing pores,” says the knowledgeable.

2. Controls extra oil

Salicylic acid, a potent BHA, controls sebum manufacturing and retains pores and skin from changing into too oily. Including this skincare acid in your routine will stability oil with out leaving your pores and skin dry. People with mixture, oily, and acne-prone pores and skin profit from it probably the most, in accordance with a examine printed in Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology Journal.

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Salicylic acid helps preserve a wholesome glow by managing oil ranges. Image courtesy: Freepik

3. Keeps zits at bay

Salicylic acid acts on the deeper layers of the pores and skin by cleansing pores, resulting in fewer outbreaks and zits. Red zits bumps will not be solely uncomfortable, however additionally they make your face seem boring. Salicylic acid has calming qualities that may relieve pimple-related redness and ache, in accordance with a examine printed within the Canadian Medical Association of Journal.

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Are there any unwanted effects of salicylic acid?

Although salicylic acid is mostly innocent, it would trigger pores and skin irritation when used initially. Additionally, it may possibly deprive the pores and skin of its pure oils, which might irritate and trigger dryness.

Other potential unwanted effects of salicylic are as per a examine printed within the Clinical, Cosmetic, and Investigational Dermatology Journal:

  • Stinging sensation on the pores and skin
  • Itching
  • Peeling pores and skin
  • Hives

Glycolic acid vs salicylic acid: Which is healthier on your pores and skin?

Glycolic acid and salicylic acid are each efficient skincare components that may be integrated into your skincare routine. People with delicate and dry pores and skin can go for glycolic acid whereas these with oily and acne-prone pores and skin can select salicylic acid. You can select the components in accordance with your pores and skin sort and pores and skin concern.

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